Merck
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41474

Supelco

Levulinic acid

analytical standard

Synonym(s):
4-Oxopentanoic acid, 4-Oxovaleric acid
Linear Formula:
CH3COCH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
116.12
Beilstein:
506796
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

analytical standard

Quality Level

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 102 °C)

assay

≥97.5% (GC)
97.5-102.5% (T)

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

bp

245-246 °C (lit.)

mp

30-33 °C (lit.)

density

1.134 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

cleaning products
cosmetics
flavors and fragrances
food and beverages
personal care

format

neat

SMILES string

CC(=O)CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H8O3/c1-4(6)2-3-5(7)8/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,7,8)

InChI key

JOOXCMJARBKPKM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Levulinic acid (LA), is a biogenic product of hexose acid hydrolysis, produced from renewable or bio-based resources. LA is reported to react with a variety of compounds to result in products, which are widely used in pharmaceuticals, personal care products, electronics, plasticizers, antifouling compounds, fuels, solvents, polymers, anti-freeze agents, batteries, coatings, biologically active materials, corrosion inhibitors, adsorbents, etc. LA is also employed as a chemical intermediate in the production of biodegradable polymers, fuel extenders, herbicides, flavors, antibiotics and useful 5-carbon compounds.

Application

Levulinic acid may be used as an analytical reference standard
for the quantification of the analyte in the following:
  • Soy sauce using liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC–MS).
  • Liquid food samples using gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID).

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

208.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

98 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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