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Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
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reaction suitability

reaction type: Cross Couplings
reagent type: ligand
reaction type: Buchwald-Hartwig Cross Coupling Reaction

reagent type: ligand
reaction type: Fluorinations

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old score: 8
new score: 1
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greener alternative product characteristics

Waste Prevention
Atom Economy
Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.


187-195 °C

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General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one of the four categories of Greener Alternatives . This product belongs to category of Re-engineered products, showing key improvements in Green Chemistry Principles “Waste Prevention”, “Atom Economy” and “Design for Energy Efficiency”. Click here to view its DOZN scorecard.


BrettPhos is a dialkylbiaryl phosphine ligand developed by the Buchwald group. It promotes cross-coupling reactions more efficiently and exhibits improved reactivity compared to other catalytic systems.
It can be used in:
  • palladium-catalyzed trifluoromethylation of aryl chlorides
  • Buchwald-Hartwig amination
  • synthesis of 4-aryl and alkyl substituted, N6-alkylated pyridazine-3,6-diamines via a Buchwald protocol
For small scale and high throughput uses, product is also available as ChemBeads (928348)

Features and Benefits

  • White crystalline solid
  • Air- and moisture-stable
  • Thermally stable
  • Highly efficient
  • Wide functional group tolerance
  • Excellent selectivity and conversion

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificates of Analysis (COA)

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Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

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  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

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Multi-kilo delivery of AMG 925 featuring a Buchwald?Hartwig amination and processing with insoluble synthetic intermediates.
Affouard C, et al.
Organic Process Research & Development, 19(3), 476-485 (2015)
T M Rangarajan et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 20(44), 14218-14225 (2014-09-23)
We report an unprecedented BrettPhos ligand supported Pd-catalyzed CO bond-forming reaction of activated aryl halides with primary fluoroalkyl alcohols. We demonstrate that the Phosphine ligand (BrettPhos) possesses the property of altering the mechanistic pathway of reductive elimination from nucleophile to
The palladium-catalyzed trifluoromethylation of aryl chlorides.
Cho EJ, et al.
Science, 328(5986), 1679-1681 (2010)
Facile synthesis of 4-aryl and alkyl substituted, N 6-alkylated pyridazine-3, 6-diamines.
Wlochal J & Bailey A.
Tetrahedron Letters, 56(48), 6791-6794 (2015)
David S Surry et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 47(34), 6338-6361 (2008-07-30)
Palladium-catalyzed amination reactions of aryl halides have undergone rapid development in the last 12 years, largely driven by the implementation of new classes of ligands. Biaryl phosphanes have proven to provide especially active catalysts in this context. This Review discusses

Related Content

The Buchwald group has developed a series of highly active and versatile palladium precatalysts and biarylphosphine ligands used in cross-coupling reactions for the formation of C-C, C–N, C–O, C–F, C–CF3, and C–S bonds. The ligands are electron-rich, and highly tunable to provide catalyst systems with a diverse scope, high stability and reactivity. Furthermore, the new series of precatalysts are air-, moisture and thermally-stable and display good solubility in common organic solvents. The use of precatalysts ensures the efficient generation of the active catalytic species and allows one to accurately adjust the ligand:palladium ratio. The ligands, precatalysts and methodology developed in the Buchwald group are user friendly and have rendered previously difficult cross couplings reactions, much easier to achieve.

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