Home2nd Generation Buchwald Precatalysts

2nd Generation Buchwald Precatalysts

Buchwald precatalysts and ligands are bulky electron-rich dialkylbiaryl phospine-based catalysts and structurally related ligands that improve reactivity in Pd-catalyzed cross - coupling reactions. These highly active reagents have been extensively applied in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, natural products, polymers, and new materials.

The structure of the dialkylbiaryl ligand plays an important role in the efficiency of the catalysts (Figure 1). We offer a wide range of new and diverse Buchwald ligands for various synthetic applications.

Structural features of dialkylbiarylphosphine Ligands

Figure 1.Structural features of dialkylbiarylphosphine ligands

Buchwald precatalysts have the widest scope for Pd-catalyzed C–C, and C–N bond formation. We have introduced a new class of 2nd generation XPhos precatalysts where the parent aliphatic amine is replaced by the more reactive 2-aminobiphenyl (lower pKa) (Figure 2).

structure of precatalysts

Figure 2.Structure of precatalysts

The Key Features for Precatalysts:

  • Air stable
  • Highly efficient
  • Utilized under mild conditions
  • Short reaction times
  • Low catalyst loadings

Buchwald and coworkers have reported the use of 2nd generation XPhos precatalysts (Cat. No. 741825) in the Suzuki cross-coupling of unstable polyfluorophenyl and five-membered 2-heterocyclic boronic acids with aryl halides in excellent yields.

Suzuki Coupling of Polyfluoroboronic Acids

2nd Generation XPhos Precatalyst

Cat. No. 741825

2nd generation buchwald precatalysts rxn

Suzuki Coupling of Heterocyclic Boronic Acids

Suzuki Coupling of Heterocyclic Boronic Acids


Surry DS, Buchwald SL. Dialkylbiaryl phosphines in Pd-catalyzed amination: a user's guide. Chem. Sci.. 2(1):27-50.
Martin R, Buchwald SL. 2008. Palladium-Catalyzed Suzuki?Miyaura Cross-Coupling Reactions Employing Dialkylbiaryl Phosphine Ligands. Acc. Chem. Res.. 41(11):1461-1473.
Surry D, Buchwald S. 2008. Biaryl Phosphane Ligands in Palladium-Catalyzed Amination. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.. 47(34):6338-6361.
Kinzel T, Zhang Y, Buchwald SL. 2010. A New Palladium Precatalyst Allows for the Fast Suzuki?Miyaura Coupling Reactions of Unstable Polyfluorophenyl and 2-Heteroaryl Boronic Acids. J. Am. Chem. Soc.. 132(40):14073-14075.
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