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Decreased DNA repair activity in bone marrow due to low expression of DNA damage repair proteins.

Cancer biology & therapy (2014-04-24)
Eui Young So, Toru Ouchi
ABSTRACT

The bone marrow (BM) is one of the organs that is sensitive to acute exposure of ionizing radiation (IR); however, the mechanism of its high sensitivity to IR remains to be elucidated. BM is differentiated into dendritic cells (DC) with granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Using this in vitro model, we studied whether radiosensitivity is distinctly regulated in undifferentiated and differentiated BM. We discovered that levels of DNA damage repair (DDR) proteins are extremely low in BM, and they are markedly increased upon differentiation to DC. Efficiency of both homologous recombination (HR)- and non-homologous end joining (NHEJ)-mediated repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) is much lower in BM compared with that of DC. Consistent with this, immunofluorescent γH2AX is highly detected in BM after IR. These results indicate that increased radiosensitivity of BM is at least due to low expression of the DNA repair machinery.

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